Uudised ja artiklid

Sulev Nurme, Nele Nutt, Mart Hiob, Daniel Baldwin Hess - Talking ruins: The legacy of baroque garden design in Manor Parks of Estonia

Postitas: emal | Kuupäev: 23/10/2013

Ajakirja või jätk-
väljaande nimetus:
Landscape Archaeology between Art and Science. From a Multi- to an Interdisciplinary Approach
Leheküljed: 115-125
ISBN: 9789089644183
Landscape Archaeology between Art and Science: LAC2010: First International Landscape Archaeology Conference, Amsterdam; January 2010


The late 19th-century and early 20th-century ‘grand era’ of manor parks in Estonia coincides with a period when English gardening ideas dominated Europe. What is less recognised, however, is that manors in Estonia possess formal French-inspired gardens dating from the mid-18th century (the introduction of Baroque design in Estonia was delayed). Today, about 600 complete manor ensembles remain, retaining distinctive structural characteristics which date from the 18th-19th centuries. It is quite typical that in old parks of Estonia Baroque and English garden styles have merged, giving them a unique and original character. This research reports on archival study, field investigation and map analyses of 45 protected manor parks in Estonia. The analysis suggests that, despite the relatively short period (ca. 1730-1770), formal Baroque gardening was the dominant style practised in Estonia. The movement had a significant influence on local garden design, and on landscape planning more broadly. The Baroque elements in manor lands include formal geometric spaces, axial connections between landscape and buildings, orchestrated vistas and tree-lined roadways. Within the Baroque garden, formal plantings, pathways and water features were arranged in classical configurations. Finding physical traces of Baroque artefacts today is difficult because many manor parks were destructed during the Soviet era in the latter half of the 20th century. Nevertheless, archival materials and present-day visits to garden ruins in manor parks suggest that formal Baroque gardens dating from mid-18th century manor lands were vivid and sophisticated ensembles of formal terrain, tree allées, sculptural elements and finely orchestrated water elements.


Landscape design, park planning, manor parks, Baroque garden design, Estonia


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